unsc-768x171 unsc

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC), created by the United Nations Charter, is the main body primary responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security (UNSC, 2016) . The great importance of the committee discussions relies on the mandatory character of its decisions, what means that it's Resolutions are binding upon all UN Member States, granting the possibility of strong measures to prevent conflict and actions that jeopardize security (Bailes, n.d.).

Bearing that mind, it is possible to understand the importance of the recognition of fundamental human rights protection as a relevant matter to guarantee the continuity and stability of peace and security in the international system. What has resulted on the insertion, in the late years, of some human rights discussions to the UNSC scope (UNSC, 2016).

The comprehension that violence affects differently those involved in conflicts, especially influenced by variables of gender, sexuality, race and age (Hooks, 1984), has opened space for this specific debate. The creation of the topic 'Women, Peace and Security" on the official UNSC agenda stresses the relation of gender and peacekeeping work, addressing the impact of wars on women as unique and disproportionate. Although, the the debate of the matter seems tone far from the acknowledgment of the direct consequences of war on women's lives, proving the necessity of further discussions to achieve the source of the real problem (Stewart, n.d).

Aside from women, the protection of rights of other minority groups has also come to the attention of the UNSC in the latest years. Two events triggered the discussion of sexual orientation on the Council. The first one was the reported attacks undertaken by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) against LGBT individuals (Al Jazeera, 2015). The second one regarded the attack in Orlando. The Council president, François Delattre, issued a statement condemning it, and said that the members of the Security Council “reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security” (UN News Centre, 2016).

The situation of women and LGBT populations in situations of conflict constitute, therefore, a prime example of the interrelation of security and human rights concerns, as it comprises a major humanitarian problem correlated to national and multinational military campaigns, in which women are present either as troops, direct or indirect victims, as well as peace negotiators and aid providers or receivers, and LGBT populations are deliberately excluded and targeted due to their non-conforming sexual orientation or gender identity.