Simulating at an international court is an experience distinct from participating on a traditional United Nations committee. The participants take the role of judges, who have to analyze the presented situation and, in our case, judge it under the Inter-American Convention on Human Rights’ (or Pact of San José of Costa Rica’s) articles. This kind of experience gives the judges more autonomy to decide, under their own beliefs and priorities, the paths that the discussion should take, following the points raised by the accusation and respecting the international human rights law and its principles. In the 20th AMUN, the judges of the IACHR will have the opportunity to analyze a case older than AMUN itself, but which has just recently drawn international attention.
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights will present the case “Cosme Rosa Genoveva et al. (Favela Nova Brasília) v. Brazil”, a delicate case on which Brazil has been held accountable for violations of fundamental human rights. These violations refer to events that took place during two police operations held in Favela Nova Brasília, Rio de Janeiro, in 1994 and 1995. In total, 26 local community members died, including minors, and their deaths are directly linked to the actions of the police forces. Additionally, the police officers were accused of sexually assaulting multiple community members. The case was brought to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights as a last request for justice and the truth by the families of the victims.
Thus, this case brings up a discussion about the real duty of the police in Brazil, about how it operates and about how it should operate, having in mind that the extensive questioning about the abuses committed by states all over the world has not shown progress in the Brazilian reality. The negligence of the country on investigating the murders that happened in 1994 and 1995, as well as the omission on accusing and prosecuting the officers responsible, are at stake in this case. The selectivity of the Brazilian security forces, in turn, is an essential point to understand the actions held by them across the country and goes alongside the vast history of the Afro-Brazilian populations ever since the colonial period.